What are anabolic steroids?


Specialists of the clinic "Narkomzdrav" prepared material on the topic of anabolic steroids. Find out what it is.

Anabolic steroids are synthetic or artificial variations of testosterone , the male sex hormone. Suitable term for these compounds are anabolic-androgenic steroids . "Anabolic" refers to muscle building, and "androgenic" refers to the enhancement of male sexual characteristics. Some common names for anabolic steroids, Gear, Juice, Roids, and Stackers.

Healthcare professionals may prescribe steroids to treat hormonal problems such as delayed puberty. Steroids can also treat diseases that cause muscle loss such as cancer and AIDS. But some athletes and bodybuilders abuse these drugs, trying to improve performance or improve their appearance.

Most people who abuse steroids are male weightlifters between the ages of 20 and 30. Abuse of anabolic steroids in women is much less common.

How do people abuse anabolic steroids?

People who abuse anabolic steroids usually take them orally, inject into muscles or apply to the skin in the form of gel or cream. These doses may be 10-100 times higher than the doses prescribed for the treatment of diseases.

Wolf run - taking multiple doses over a period of time, stopping for a while and then circling

Stack - combine two or more different steroids and mix oral and / or injectable types

Pyramid - slowly increasing, reaching maximum value and then gradually narrowing to zero

Plateau - striping, different steroids to avoid tolerance

there Is no scientific study to confirm that at least one of these practices reduces the harmful effects of taking these drugs.

How do anabolic steroids affect the brain?

Anabolic steroids do not act like other drugs; they do not have a short-term effect on the brain. The most important difference is that steroids do not activate the reward system directly, they do not cause a rapid increase in the brain chemical dopamine, which is enhanced by most drugs.

Misuse of anabolic steroids can lead to negative mental consequences, such as:

paranoid (extreme, unreasonable) jealousy

extreme irritability and aggression ("furious rage»)

delirium - false beliefs or idealistic judgments

thinking disorder


long-Term effects

Misuse of anabolic steroids can lead to serious, health problems such as:

kidney problems

liver and tumor damage

increased heart rate, high blood pressure and changes in blood cholesterol that increase the risk of stroke and heart attack even in young people

increased risk of blood clots

Several other effects depending on gender and age:

For men

sperm count reduction


breast development

increased risk of prostate cancer

For women

facial hair growth or body hair excess

reduced breast size

changes or stops in the menstrual cycle

in-depth voice

People who abuse steroids may experience withdrawal symptoms when they stop using steroids.


loss of appetite

sleep issues

decreased libido

steroid pull

One of the most serious withdrawal symptoms is depression, which can sometimes lead to suicide attempts.



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